Quote Jane


“There is a stubbornness about me that never can bear to be frightened at the will of others. My courage always rises at every attempt to intimidate me.” ― Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice

dinsdag 28 juli 2015

Chawton Cottage

  The Admirals room — bij Jane Austen's House Museum.
 
The Admirals Room: this was the biggest of all the bedrooms and contained the memorabilia of Jane’s two brothers. Francis Austen became Admiral of the Fleet and was knighted by King William IV. On one of the walls are the Letters Patent in 1862 appointing him as High Admiral, this was an honorary appointment given under the Great Seal of England by Queen Victoria. There is the portable bed Francis took with him on all his voyages and in the cupboard is displayed the family silver, in particular the snuff box and salver presented to Charles by his brother officers. There are also examples of wood carvings by Francis. In a small room off the Admirals Room and protected by glass is a bed with a wonderful patchwork coverlet made by Jane, her mother and sister, it was made from materials from their own and nieces cotton dresses. The lovely Caen lace shawl belonged to Fanny Knight, their niece. stgeorgesnews
 

Slippers and mittens worn by Jane of an evening. — bij Jane Austen's House Museum.
 

The first room we stepped into was the Drawing Room, there was a very elegant Regency window which was put in to give the ladies more privacy from the road. Jane would have practised on a piano similar to the one in this room.
 
The Vestibule was a narrow area more like a hallway, it is possible that the front door was where the window is now, the door was moved later to the Dining Parlour. In the display cabinet were manuscript letters written by Jane Austen, it is most rare to see any manuscript material of Jane Austen’s on display.
 
The Dining Parlour: here is a display of very fine china, a Wedgewood dinner service some of which had a monogram, possibly the Knights. Jane and her brother and Fanny her niece chose this at the Wedgewood showrooms in London. On the wall near the door is a calculation of Jane’s earnings, it shows that she earned £808, about £40,000 at today’s value.
 
We now move into a very small room called the Reading Room, its use is not known but has been referred to as the offices.
 
We now continue up a narrow staircase to Jane Austen’s bedroom. The bed is a replica of one that Jane and Cassandra shared at Steventon, a previous home, the wicker chair in the room had belonged to the Austen’s, there was a very small closet for toilet purposes. In the opposite corner was another exit, it was suggested that it led to another small room which Jane used to write her novels. On the wall is a water colour painted by Cassandra, also are some admiring comments about Jane’s novels by Sir Walter Scott and Sir Winston Churchill.
 
We move on again to Mrs Austen’s bedroom, a small room  which had two back to back showcases which contained memorabilia. The first contains books owned by the Austen family including Martha Lloyd’s recipe book written while she was here. In the second case were miniatures of the family and family jewellery, of particular interest are the locks of hair mounted in brooches as mementoes of deceased family members, there in a cupboard devoted to the Austen family pastimes. On the walls as in all the rooms there were accounts of the family.
 
The Dressing Room: in this small room is an account of the many houses which Jane lived in or had visited including Steventon, Bath, Southampton, Godmersham, Chawton and Winchester; in the cases are several interesting items including items relating to dress.  From: .stgeorgesnews
 
 
Embroidered by Jane herself. — bij Jane Austen's House Museum.

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Austen werd geboren in Hampshire. Haar vader was een geestelijke. Het grootste deel van haar leven bleef zij in haar geboortestreek. Austen had zes broers en een oudere zuster, Cassandra, met wie zij zeer hecht was. Het enige onbetwiste portret van Jane Austen is een gekleurde schets die door Cassandra werd gemaakt en nu in de National Portrait Gallery in Londen hangt. In 1801 verhuisde de familie naar Bath. In 1802 werd Austen ten huwelijk gevraagd door de rijke Harris Bigg-Wither en zij stemde toe; de volgende dag deelde ze echter mee dat zij haar woord niet kon houden en trok haar instemming in. De reden hiervoor is niet bekend, maar Austen is nooit getrouwd. Na de dood van haar vader in 1805 woonden Jane, haar zuster en haar moeder daar nog verscheidene jaren tot zij in 1809 naar Chawton verhuisden. Hier had haar rijke broer Edward een landgoed met een plattelandshuisje, dat hij aan zijn moeder en zusters schonk (dit huis is tegenwoordig open voor het publiek). Zelfs nadat zij naam gemaakt had als romanschrijfster bleef zij in relatieve stilte leven, maar haar gezondheid ging sterk achteruit. Er wordt nu aangenomen dat zij de ziekte van Addison had, waarvan toen de oorzaak nog onbekend was. Ze reisde naar Winchester om behandeling te zoeken, maar stierf daar en werd begraven in de kathedraal.
Tot Austens beroemdste werk behoort de roman Emma. Het boek wordt vaak aangehaald vanwege de perfectie van vorm. Moderne critici blijven ook nieuwe perspectieven ontdekken op het scherpe commentaar van Austen betreffende de klasse van jonge, ongehuwde, aristocratische Engelse vrouwen in de vroege 19e eeuw.

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