zaterdag 9 oktober 2021

Leigh Family Papers.

Leigh Family Papers, unpublished letters and manuscripts from Jane Austen's mother's family, 1686–1823, 1866. The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens.

These materials provide an unpublished window into her mother’s side of the family. It does not include Jane Austen material; most of her letters were burned by her sister after her death. The collection supplements other Leigh family material already in The Huntington’s possession. 


maandag 30 augustus 2021

Martha and Mary Lloyd.

Martha Lloyd (1765 – 24 January 1843) was Jane Austen's dearest friend after Austen's sister Cassandra, and is now known also as a collector of recipes.

  • The Lloyd family had much in common with the Austens and from an early time, visits between the two families were frequent. 
  • Though no one knows quite how they met, the Austens and Lloyds shared many mutual friends and when the Reverend Lloyd died in 1789, his widow and her two oldest, single daughters were happy to move into the unused Deane parsonage, a mile and a half from Steventon, offered by Reverend Austen.
  • Although Jane Austen was ten years younger than Martha, the oldest Lloyd daughter, they were, as Jane's cousin Eliza de Feuillide remarked, "very sensible and good-humored." Austen considered Martha to be a second sister, as her letter of 13 October 1808, written to Cassandra, shows: "With what true sympathy our feelings are shared by Martha, you need not be told;—she is the friend & Sister under every circumstance.
  • After three years (1792), when Jane Austen's brother, James, married and assumed the parish of Deane, it was necessary for the Lloyds to move, this time to a home in Hurstbourne, called Ibthorpe. Though only 15 miles (24 km) from Steventon, this separation must have seemed cruel to Jane, who had few friends nearby and no mode of transportation. It is clear from Jane Austen's correspondence that her friend Martha was privy to her great secret—her writing.
  • In 1805 changes abounded for the Austen and Lloyd families. Many years had now passed since James Austen's first wife had died and he had remarried again, choosing the younger Miss Mary Lloyd to be his second wife.
  • It was while they were living in Bath, Somerset that Mr. Austen finally succumbed to his long illness and not too many months later that Mrs. Lloyd also died. The women, being in a delicate financial state, decided to combine housekeeping and all four (Mrs. Austen, Cassandra, Jane and Martha Lloyd) moved to Southampton to be with Jane's younger brother Frank and his wife, Mary. As an officer in the Navy, Frank was often away from home and this joining of households not only helped him look after his widowed mother, but provided constant companionship for his soon pregnant wife. It seems to have been, by all accounts, an excellent arrangement.
  • On 7 July 1809, Jane Austen moved to a cottage in Chawton, together with her mother, her sister Cassandra, and their friend Martha Lloyd, at the invitation of her brother Edward Austen Knight, on whose estate it lay. 
  • Martha Lloyd's contribution to what is now known of Austen's life is significant. Letters survive from Jane to Martha, as well as Martha's collection of recipes used at Chawton, which were later compiled into A Jane Austen Household Book by Peggy Hickman, David & Charles, Ltd. 1977, and in The Jane Austen Cookbook by Maggie Black and Deirdre Le Faye, British Museum Press, 1995
  • The Austen family remained at Chawton Cottage, even after Jane Austen's death in 1817. Martha Lloyd took on many duties as housekeeper for the family, though the work was divided among the three surviving women. Frank, by now Sir Francis Austen, had lost his wife in 1823 after the birth of their 11th child. In 1828 he and the 62-year-old Martha Lloyd were married, making her Lady Austen.

zondag 29 augustus 2021


janeausten/ Alton in her days

  • Jane Austen Regency Week is a celebration of the time the author Jane Austen spent in Alton and Chawton and is held in June each year
  • LANSDOWNE HOUSE (74 High Street) 5 The home of Mr. Newman, apothecary and surgeon whom Jane visited with a friend in 1811 and afterwards wrote some humorous verse about the visit.
  • HIGH STREET 4: Home of William Curtis, Jane Austen’s doctor whom she called her ‘Alton Apothy’. 
  • 6: Home of James Battin Coulthard whose father had been a tenant of Chawton House prior to his death in 1811. The family were mentioned in Jane’s letters. 
  • 10: Site of the Bank of (Henry) Austen, Gray and Vincent between 1806 and 1812. Henry Austen was one of Jane’s brothers and the Bank handled some of Jane’s letters.
  • 1 HIGH STREET (Hill House) Jane Austen’s sister-in-law records dining here with Jane and Rebecca Parker Terry after their friend’s husband William died. 
  • GEALES ALMS HOUSES 9 In 1653 Thomas Geale gave these cottages for the use of eight poor people who were born in Alton. They had changed little by the early 19th century and are now administered by the Alton United Charities
  • ST. LAWRENCE’S CHURCH & CHURCHYARD 8 Jane’s brother Henry and Benjamin Lefroy, the husband of her niece Anna, both officiated here between 1817 and 1818. Several babies belonging to family and friends of Jane were baptised in the old font
  • 40 & 42 HIGH STREET 40: Home of Richard Marshall who leased Wyards from Winchester College and sub-let part of the house to the Lefroys, Jane’s niece and her husband. 42: Home of Clement family who were acquaintances of the Austens & related by marriage to Gilbert White’s family.

zaterdag 28 augustus 2021

Who Was The Real Jane Austen? | Behind Closed Doors | Timeline

Chawton House, Hampshire: Virtual Garden Tour

The gardens

The gardens are open to the public, with access to a tearoom. The restoration programme for the gardens was extensive, and focused in particular on the restoration of the walled garden. 

Edward Knight had the idea to build a new walled garden during Jane Austen's lifetime. In 1813, she wrote to her brother Frank, "He [Knight] talks of making a new Garden; the present is a bad one & ill situated, near Mr Papillon's; — he means to have the new, at the top of the Lawn behind his own house."

Knight's original walls are mostly still intact, but the glasshouses and potting sheds, had to be rebuilt. The gardens have been restored using Edward Austen Knight's original planting scheme.

The central space is used for the production of vegetables, soft fruits, herbs and flowers. Chawton House is registered with the Soil Association, and is now certified as an organic producer.[citation needed] Everything grown in the walled garden is for use by the Library, with any surplus being sold locally in aid of the charity.

The park and gardens of Chawton House are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

Reading Abbey Girls' School.

Reading Abbey Girls' School, also known as Reading Ladies’ Boarding School was a girls' boarding school in Reading, Berkshire open from at least 1755 until 1794. Many of its pupils went on to make a mark on English culture and society, particularly as writers. Most famous is Jane Austen, who used the school as a model of "a real, honest, old-fashioned Boarding-school".[1]

The Abbey Gateway was originally the inner gateway of Reading Abbey, which today is a large, mostly ruined abbey in the centre of the town of Reading, in the English county of Berkshire.

Eventually the palace was demolished and new houses were built alongside the gateway. In the late 18th century one of them was home to the Reading Ladies’ Boarding School, attended amongst others by the novelist Jane Austen. The school used the room above the gateway as a classroom.[1][4][5][6]

The room above the gateway is now used by Reading Museum as part of its learning programme for local schools, whilst the arch below is available for use by pedestrian and cycle traffic. wikipedia/Abbey_Gateway,_Reading

See more photo's austenised/inside-jane-austens-school


Jane Austen

Jane Austen

Leigh Family Papers.

Leigh Family Papers, unpublished letters and manuscripts from Jane Austen's mother's family, 1686–1823, 1866. The Huntington Library...

Portraits of Jane

There have been only two authentic surviving portraits of Jane Austen, both by her sister Cassandra, one of which is a back view! (A poor-quality greycale JPEG and a poor-quality color JPEG of this are available.) The other is a rather disappointing pen and wash drawing made about 1810 (a somewhat manipulated JPEG of this original sketch is available). The main picture of Jane Austen referenced at this site (JPEG) is a much more æsthetically pleasing adaptation of the same portrait, but should be viewed with caution, since it is not the original (for a more sentimentalized Victorian version of this portrait, see this image, and for an even sillier version of the portrait, in which poor Jane has a rather pained expression and is decked out in cloth-of-gold or something, see this image -- for some strange reason, it is this last picture which has been frequently used to illustrate popular media articles on Jane Austen). Here's the silliest version of this portrait ever.
For a fun modern re-creation of the Jane Austen portrait, see the "Photograph" of Jane Austen lounging at a Hollywood poolside (as seen in Entertainment Weekly). See also a deliberately contemporized (but not silly) version of the portrait by Amy Bellinger. The silhouette included at the top of these files (if you have a graphic browser) is not actually known with certainty to be Jane Austen's. Here is another silhouette said to be of Jane Austen, taken from The Illustrated Letters of Jane Austen edited by Penelope Hughes-Hallett (formerly published as My Dear Cassandra: The Letters Of Jane Austen).
Silhouettes of Jane Austen's father and mother (that of her father apparently taken at a rather earlier age), a silhouette of Cassandra, and Cassandra's portrait of their niece Fanny Knight (JPEG) are also available.
In 1994, another portrait, claimed to be of Jane Austen, has been discovered among Mr. Clarke's papers, and published in a limited edition (this portrait was reportedly printed in the Daily Telegraph book section of Saturday, March 4 1995). Go to this site for more information (and a scanned image) of the portrait.
A picture of the Austen family coat of arms is also available (both the original greyscale and a rudimentary colorization). The heraldic "blazon" (description) is "Or, a chevron gules between three lions' gambs erect, erased sable armed of the second. Crest: on a mural crown or, a stag sejant argent, attired or." (Note that the ornamental winged child's head at the bottom of the heraldic shield is not actually part of the coat of arms.) The Latin motto, "QUI INVIDIT MINOR EST", can be translated as "Who(ever) envies (me) is lesser/smaller (than I)".

Quotation by Jane

Quote Jane

“There is a stubbornness about me that never can bear to be frightened at the will of others. My courage always rises at every attempt to intimidate me.” ― Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice


Original recipe from Jane Austen's sister-in-law Martha Lloyd:
"Take three Naple biscuits. Cut them in slices. Dip them in sack. Lay them on the bottom of your dish. Then make a custard of a pint of cream and five eggs and put over them. Them make a whipt syllabub as light as possible to cover the whole. The higher it is piled, the handsomer it looks."

"Our journey yesterday went off exceedingly well; nothing occurred to alarm or delay us... At Devizes we had comfortable rooms and a good dinner, to which we sat down about five; amongst other things we had asparagus and a lobster, which made me wish for you, and some cheesecakes, on which the children made so delightful a supper as to endear the town of Devizes to them for a long time."
—Jane Austen writing to her sister Cassandra, Queen's Square, Friday (May 17) 1799